Janta Darbar in Democracy

There was a time of Elections in India. Many parties were there in front of people with efforts to gather more and more votes. In order to please the population of there jurisdiction area they were touching feet, offering amount, cloth, and trying to fulfil as much possible they can. Trying to help people in any pending job, scheme (Populist), court case, etc.

And now, one of politician has won the election. People are looking for him/her to remember his promises he/she during election. They got nothing…..

However, I found very mysterious thing happening now a days… Politicians are organizing “JANTA DARBAR” in the largest democracy of World i.e. India. Where are we going ?? As I have read that Janta Darbar was a terminology used in Monarchy… Kings used to organize them, to maintain connect to there people…. However, we are not choosing any king to rule us.

Is JANTA DARBAR is valid word in such a country, and in 21st centaury ??

Please think, I am eager to know your views….

Learning new things?

I was wondering whether learning new things is important in life or not?? How come when some one ask you, you know singing you say yes, another one ask, you know the research paper writing you say yes. Your asking may be different.

And new learnings comes with new challenges and new diversities of its own. The exploring new things is always wonderful for me. Sometimes I feel, I want to learn this also, this also. I just always want the child inside me to alive and curious for the new things happening.

Always have a open brain, to pick things and gather information from every where.

Be motivated, and always open for new learning, they will you new situation where you will not fail.

You may have your own, thoughts, they are mine….. Thank you

Women Sexualization

“Sexual objectification dehumanizes girls and women, which contributes toward rape culture and violence against women,”

Carrie Baker, J.D., Ph.D., author of Fighting the US Youth Sex Trade: Gender, Race, and Politics and The Women’s Movement Against Sexual Harassment.

The sexualization of females is an ongoing problem all over world, from exposing girls to societal pressures to perpetuating sexual violence. A report of UNESCO declares that, ‘Every 10 minutes, an adolescent girl dies as a result of violence.  Nearly one in five girls is sexually abused at least once in her life. Even a country like United States, 18 percent of girls report that by age 17 they have been victims of a sexual assault or abuse.

Why are women and girls so often the victims of violence?

There are several reasons such as objectify and hypersexualization of women bodies, stereotypes of media, social patriarchy. To confirm about it, let’s have a look towards the data of APA (American Psychological Association) which found objectification, equalization of person standard to its physical attractiveness, revealing clothing even the world games dresses, bodily postures, shows women sexualization. An another print media study reveal 51.8 % of advertisements featured women as sex objects, that has amplified in todays social media age.

Its all affect mental, emotional and physical health of women on a global scale. It include anxiety about appearance, feelings of shame, eating disorders, lower self-esteem and depression. A study found that only 11 percent of girls worldwide would call themselves beautiful and six in ten girls avoid participating in life activities because of concerns about the way they look.

It contributes to harmful gender stereotypes that normalize violence against girls

These stereotypes normalize the violence against women. However, they are also harmful boys, it force them to internalize the notion that success and attractiveness are tied to dominance, power and aggression. A very dangerous data shows only 1 percent of adolescent girls who have experienced forced sex reached out for professional help. (the reporting of cases is very uncommon, fear, family pressure, social pressure, and unbiased policing system are directly responsible)

The #MeToo movement raised awareness of sexual abuse and harassment and encouraged survivors to speak out. However, the Law enforcement and social service providers often do little to encourage women to self-identify, so it’s up to our culture and our media to empower women to affirm that all forms of sexual abuse and assault are serious and harmful.

It is leading many girls to experience various health and mental health issues include low self-esteem, anxiety, eating disorders, depression, self-harm, and suicidal thoughts. As a result, they can experience sensitivity to criticism, the desire to withdraw from social events, hostile behavior, exhaustion, migraines, negative self-talk, and more.

Many girls deal with mental health issues that go unnoticed. It’s important to pay attention to drastic changes in mood, behavior, personality, and likes or dislikes. If a girl loves playing soccer, but suddenly hates it and wants nothing to do with it, you should find out why. 

Ending the Sexualization

The mentorship, programs or activities that build self-esteem, access to mental health services, and more. The more we talk about the problems associated with sexualization, the better. Employing more women in the media and in politics, for instance, could help ensure that moving forward, more realistic portrayals of women in the media and more protective laws for women are enacted and will safeguard our young girls.

We need to end the demand for child porn, prostitution, and underage trafficked victims. As girls need to understand the relevancy and the power of sexualization so they can mentally and physically protect their overall health and well-being. 

Sadly, We Teach People How to Treat Us- It’s a Subconscious Thing. — Chateau Cherie

Here’s something which most targets of bullying don’t realize. Not even I knew this at the time I was being bullied. You teach people how to treat you. And how do you teach them this? By how well you treat yourself– by what you will and will not put up with and by the boundaries […]

Sadly, We Teach People How to Treat Us- It’s a Subconscious Thing. — Chateau Cherie

Its really a good article to read upon. She has written it very beautifully. It even teach us many things, if anybody wants to read and enjoy new learnings….

Be aware: According to NITI Aayog report, 21 Indian cities are already out of Ground water

“Don’t forget the resources are Limited, we can have lots of money but can’t ask our children to drink money”

Unknown

As mentioned in NITI Aayog report, ground water will end in many places by 2020.  ‘These places include 21 Indian cities, among them Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad are most populated. Which will gone to affect 100 million people, comprise of 40 percent of India’s population will have no access to drinking water by 2030.’ After reading too much about groundwater ending by 2020, it is very difficult to watch someone wasting it injudiciously. People are rarely aware, what are they doing? One need to think and be aware about sustainable use of water. Here, sustainability means, use it for yourself by ensuring that it should left enough for our coming generations.

My neighbors wash outer floors, roads with summer pipes, waste 1000 liters of water in just minutes. Our 10% population use RO water filters, which waste 90% of water which could be drinkable. Agriculture mis-practices which are responsible for 90% of ground water waste. We witness 90% of todays river are polluted with industrial waste, sewage discharge, household waste, agriculture waste, religious waste etc.

We need to be aware about some of our dangerous habits: Taking long showers, dishwashing and brushing with running water, having leaky pipes (according to a US report an average household can leak more than 10,000 gallons of water per year), over-watering lawns, cleaning floors and roads with pipes, etc. Water should be declared as an economic asset, and should be linked with water pricing. One should asked with the economic amount equals to water, one use. As the water we using have taken thousands of years to purify.

We are at the verge of water pollution, so increasing RO filters use is also a need. However, we can use it judiciously. The water from waste water pipes can be collected and further used in purposes other than drinking.

We are using centuries old Agriculture practices not fit for todays time. The over-filling water to agriculture lands not only harm the ground water, but also drain out the nutrients, and further pollute the drinking water with its add-on fertilizers. The solution to this Drip irrigation, Sprinkler system, and research and developments is needed in this field. Research shows that sprinkler irrigation can use 30-40 percent less water, while drip can use about 40-60 percent less water compared to flood irrigation methods, he added. As the situation is already alarming.

Case 1: Nearly all waterbodies are polluted: Chennai

Three rivers, four water bodies, five wetlands and six forests have completely dried in Chennai despite having better water resources and rains than any other metro cities. The government is now depends upon the desalination, which is very expensive. The solution to this is water harvesting. It is the collective responsibility of government and the citizen to realize there role in water conservation.

Case 2: Effective irrigation management: Rajasthan’s integrated irrigation solutions

The Government of Rajasthan has implemented a package of solutions in Sanchore along the Narmada river. The micro-irrigation technology has been made mandatory for farmers. And, the watershed development tasks, such as tree plantation and bio drainage also been implemented. The impact was that the Culturable Command Area (CCA) increased from 1.35 Lac hectares to 2.46 hectares with same quantity of water. Drinking facilities improved, food production was increased by 277%.

Yoga and Alternative system of medicine in India

Today is the time to go to the nitty gritty of Yoga philosophy. It is important to have knowledge of ‘YOGA’ as it is not only have a dedicated day of ‘International day for Yoga’ but it is also capable in curing many deadly diseases naturally. However, it is one of six major orthodox school of Hinduism. The origin of such schools is unclear, although we found there first reference in “Upanishad’ which were written in 1st millennium BCE.” The UNESCO has also included in intangible cultural heritage.

Extensive or systemic collection of yoga philosophy was found in book named Yoga sutra by Patanjali. The book mentioned, that there are Eight limbs or Astangyog in the school one can follow to attain Moksha.

Eight limbs or Astangyog of Yoga school

  • Yamas- Practice 5 yamas to transform negative energy and cultivate a deep, abiding sense of peace (Ahimsha, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacharya, Aparigraha)
  • Niyamas- positive duties or observances to be followed are cleanliness, tapa, santosh, svadyaya, surrender.
  • Asana– The physical exercises
  • Pranayam– The breathing exercise
  • Pratyahara- Withdrawal of sense
  • Dharana- state of meditation
  • Dhyana Smadhi- State of oneness

Yoga and Mental health

In 2014 Indian government has declared a separate ‘Ministry of Aayush’ to encourage Indian’s for yoga. The yoga was involved in government school curriculum, at workplace, and communities to make people aware of these practices, and integrate it with scientific evidence. It is helpful in relaxing whole body, make respiration quiet and deep, calm mind. It reduce cortisol level, which is a stress hormone released from adrenal gland, and also reduce neuro inflammation.

In 1995 a new Department of Indian System of Medicine and Homeopathy under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. In 2003 the department was renamed as AYUSH which stands for Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy and Naturopathy.

Yoga not only talks about exercises but also attach to some of activities including:

  • Ahara (Food)- 50% food+25%water+25%air
  • Vihars (Relaxation)- asana, meditation, sleep
  • Achara (Conduct)- controlling desire
  • Vichara (Thinking)- control thinking
  • Vyavahara (Behavior)- right action

Alternate system of medicine in India

  • Egyptian- advance medicine (2800 BC)
  • Chinese- well documented records (2700 BC)
  • Mesopotamian- Codes of Hammurabi (2000 BC)
  • Greek- Hippocrates ‘Father of Medicine’ (460 BC)
  • Roman- emerge from Greek (130 AD)
  • Arab medicine (Unani)- Damascus, Cairo and Baghdad adopted

During 3000 to 3500 BC medicine came to existence in India, around 200BC there were many form of medicine started influencing one another. In mid 15th century there came the scientific and modern medicines. In mid 19th century Allopathy was distinguished from Homeopathy by CFS Hahneman.

Ayurveda

Indian medicine was started with vedic period called ayurveda means ‘knowledge of life’ not of veda, and considered as upaanga of atharvaveda (give divine authority). It take man in entirety with physical, chemical, biological, and spiritual effects. According to it human body is composed of Earth, Water, Fire, Air, and Sky.

This medicine system is based on balance of Tridosha (kapha- phlegm, vaata- wind, and pitta- bile). It is further connected to three Gunas (sattva- goodness or constructive or harmonious; rajas- passion or active or confused; and tamas- darkness or destructive or chaotic). The treatment was based on observation of diet regime. However, later the medicine were composed of Fe, cu, Pb, Au, and Hg.

Important works were: Sushruta samhita, Charak samhita, Madhava nidhana, and Shranghdhar smahita.

  • Siddha system was a chemical based medicine system flourished in Tamil Nadu.
  • Unani system was flourished during Akbar regime.
  • Allopathy system was a modern medicine, its creation was based on opposite effect.
  • Homeopathy system based on “Like cures Like” concept. Substance that cause same symptom of disease in healthy can cure disease in sick.
  • Sowa Rigpa system has its origin may be India, China or Tibet.
  • Naturopathy system treat diseases with natural elements. It says diseases are caused by accumulation of toxins. The treatments resembles: Earth- mud bath; Water- hydrotherapeutic method of bath; Air- breathing exercise; Fire- sun bath and Fasting therapy etc.

The story of Origin of Earth

Who among us have no fantasy to know about our planet Earth. Every single nation has involved itself in expeditious research programs. These programs include the Earth, the Universe, and every location with the possibility for resources. The increasing population, and there need of ample amount of resources is forcing every country in the race of research and development. Let’s gather the information we have till date about the “Origin of Earth.”

Origin of Universe: Old Theories

  • Nebular Hypothesis, by Immanuel Kant, revised by Laplace, 1896: Planet were formed out of cloud of material associated with youthful sun, which was slowly rotating, and slowly the matter condensed.
  • Chamberlain and Moulton, 1900: A wandering star approach the sun, leads to separation of cigar shaped extension of material from solar surface, as the passing star moved away the separated material continued to revolve around sun and slowly condensed. When the cloud rotate faster it looses heat and radiation that slowly leads to contraction and compression of gases to solid. The solar extension slowly separated into 9 parts that is 9 planets. Later this theory was also supported by Sir James Jeans and Sir Harold Jeffrey.
  • Binary theory by Otto Schmid, and Carl Weizascar, 1950: Sun was surrounded by solar nebula that contain mostly Hydrogen and Helium, along with dust particles. The friction and collision among the particles results formation of disk shaped cloud. The later times this disc leads to the formation of planet through process of accretion (or external accumulation).

Origin of Universe: Modern theories

  • Big bang theory, 1920 by Edwin Hubble (expanding universe hypothesis): This theory defines the process in certain stages. At first stage, all the matter was concentrated at a single point with infinite temperature and density. At second stage, this particle exploded with a huge and rapid expansion within seconds leads to conversion of some energy into matter. At third stage, gradually the temperature drops to 4500K within 3 lakh years, and gave rise to atomic matter and the universe become transparent.

Origin of Stars

  • Galaxy start to form by accumulate Hydrogen gas in the form of very large cloud, called as Nebula. Eventually the growing Nebula develops localized clumps of gases. These clumps continue to grow denser, leading to formation of stars (took 5-6 billion years ago).

Origin of Planets

  • Planetesimal theory: Stars are localized lumps of gases within nebula. Gas cloud starts getting condensed around small round objects, forms smaller round bodies, called “Planetesimals.” These planetesimals by the process of Accretion, formed fewer larger bodies, called Planets.

Our Solar system

It consists of eight planets, sixty-three moons, and millions of smaller bodies called asteroids and comets with a huge quantity of dust, grains and gases.

The Moon

  • In 1838, George Darwin, suggested that the earth and moon formed from a single rotating body. This body was initially of dumb-bell shaped, eventually that breaks. It also suggest that the material forming the moon was separated from the Earth cause depression, called Pacific ocean.
  • Giant impact or big splat theory: A larger body collide to Earth, it blast the portion into space. The separated portion continues to orbit earth, and eventually formed the present Moon.

Evolution of the Earth

The planet earth initially was barren, rocky and hot object with the thin atmosphere of hydrogen and helium. In early stages or pre-mordial stage or volatile state there was a gradual increase in density and temperature. At this stage the separation of matter on the basis of density that is ‘Iron’ will go to the core and the lighter will come at outer layers. After separation the body solidified, and formed the Earth.

Evolution of Atmosphere and hydrosphere

The earlier or primordial atmosphere was composed of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, methane, ammonia, vapor, and very little oxygen. This was lost by solar winds. The hot interior then contributed in the evolution of atmosphere, by degassing and volcanic eruptions. The continuous rain and evaporation from staring leads to develop giant oceans. The earlier rain dissolves the atmospheric carbon dioxide. In later times the composition of atmosphere was changed by the process called photosynthesis.

Origin of Life on Earth

According to scientific theories, the origin of life was a chemical reaction. It is associated with the conversion of inanimate matter to living substances. The life began on earth 3,800 million years ago from single celled, simplest organisms.

Happy 75th Independence Day: Unity is our strength, feel it

We are celebrating Independence Day, for successful completion of 75 years of being a independent, sovereign nation in 2021. The day we got Independence from Britishers, fall on 15th August.

This marks the unity of all Indian Diversities, holds the significance in all our hearts. It not only remind us our independence from 200 years of colonial rule but also serves as a reminder of all the virtue, pride, colorful history, cultural richness, diversity and landscapes which we must all feel proud to call our homeland. This is the day, we commemorate and pay homage to courageous sacrifices of our freedom fighters, due to whom this beautiful day is reality today. Sadly, the day also marks the anniversary of undivided India’s separation into two nations- India and Pakistan, that later results into three nation with Bangladesh.

The message of non-violence, particularly, is something that is still remembered by people worldwide. Who could forget the spirited march for freedom led by great leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Bhagat Singh, Subhas Chandra Bose? Most importantly, it was not just an independence march won through wars, but through the hard work and determination put by millions of Indians, no matter how small or big their individual contribution was.

How’s it celebrated?

Since, the day of 15 August, 1947 when Shri Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, who turned out to be the first Prime Minister of Independent India, raised the Indian national flag over the Lahori Gate at the Red Fort in Delhi. Every year the national flag of India is hoisted from the same platform by the contemporary Prime Ministers of our country. Flag hoisting will be synchronized with 21 Gun Salute fire.

Current year the country will honour the Olympic winners, the Corona warriors. For the first time ever, the National Flag is hoisted by the Prime Minister, flower petals will be showered at the venue by two Mi 17 1V helicopters of the Indian Air Force in Amrut Formation. Sadly, there will be no chief guest, due to pandemic.

All important Government Buildings are beautifully adorned with sparkly lights every evening. The drummers also give a solo performance (known as the Drummer’s Call). The bands march back playing a popular martial tune ‘Saare Jahan Se Achcha‘. At exactly 6 pm, National Flag is lowered, and the National Anthem is sung, bringing the Independence Day celebrations to a formal end.

The freedom need a price, never forget the bloodshed and brutality this great nation has endured in the past. This day, the feeling should be carried on hearts and should express in action. Our freedom fighters have given us a responsibility to make this nation stand forever. Our nation is dealing with many problems this time the increasing communalism, the mob violence, and the politicizing societies. To be the part of successful nation, internal security should not be a cause to stop us.

Google is source of all information and photos

Demography

According to a report by United Nations, India will be concentration with the largest population in world by 2047. The population growth is linked with overall economic, social, and political advancements of future. Its high time to understand the role of population. If we talk about the Etymology (science of the origin of any word):

  • Demography (greek)= Demos (people) + Graphein (describe) 
  • Systemic study of population (composition, patterns, structure)
  • Economic development and population growth (-ve relation)

We can calculate demography in many different ways:

  • Formal- quantitative analysis (deals with numbers) and qualitative analysis (deals with type of population)
  • Social- It deals with economic, political aspects of population with a wider view.

This data can be used in planning and implementation of state policies, and also to plan economic welfare of weaker section. One can study population growth in many ways, here we will discuss the “Theory of Thomas Robert Malthus” who was a English Political Economist. He had discussed his theory in an essay titled “Essay on Population” in 1798. According to him, the population rises exponentially i.e. 2, 4, 6, 8, 16, 32, … and so on, however, the agriculture production rises arithmetically i.e. 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, … and so on. By this concluded that the humanity will always live in poverty and starvation.

According to him, we need to control the population by adopting some practices like: postpone marriages, sexual abstinence, and celibacy. He also adds that Famine is a natural and inevitable way to control the population growth.

Although, others says that the real cause of poverty is unequal distribution of resources. Which could be corrected by economic advancement, green revolution, technical growth and disease control etc.

Theory of Demographic transition

Every population growth can be studied under some transition stages; which could help us predict the future growth patterns. The growth follows the older pattern and the technological development of area, and follows a cycle called demographic cycle. The transition theory divided the population growth in three stages:

Stage 1- Pre-Transition

The population has high birth rate with low literacy rate, less development of technologies, and the most societies seems to be indulge in agriculture. This period also have high death rates due to high frequency of epidemics and variable food supply with no storage technology available.

Stage 2- Transitional

Here, the population has high birth rate in beginning which show visible decline with time. It shows increasing literacy rate, growing development of technologies, and diversification in economic sector, still the most societies seems to be indulge in agriculture. This period also have declining death rates due to improve in sanitation and health conditions.

Stage 3- Post transitional

The conditions are now improving as now is the time we can see nearly equal birth and death rates. The population is increasing itself to high technical knowledge, and also focused towards family planning. An aware population leads towards stable and low population growth.

There are several factors which influence the distribution of population:

  • Historical factors: Historical importance of place
  • Geographical feature– water availability, Flat plain, gentle slope, Moderate climate, fertile soil, etc.
  • Economic Factors- mineral presence, urbanization, industrialization, etc.
  • Social and cultural factors– religious and cultural significance

Indian Population

To calculate the population, government count everyone every tenth year, and the process called census. First such census was done in 1872. Indian population is in the later phase of second transition stage of population. Government has taken many population control missions “Parivar Vikas Mission” to increase access to contraceptives and family planning services in 146 districts with high fertility rates.

There is visible investment in generation of sufficient employment, health care sector, to skill workforce, education sector, and also to women empowerment.

The many mirages in Indian agriculture

Very Informative…. Read

Contested Realities

After a week of harvest and another of preparing the farm plots for next sowing season, here are some quick notes.

  1. Farm mechanisation is a serious need. The processes in small scale farming are completely manual. These are limiting the ways in which farmers organize farm processes and their ability to extract efficiencies from the farm. For instance, we harvested about 1.2 tons of groundnuts. The workers who helped harvest it and pluck the pods off the plants took a total of 15% of harvested groundnuts as their wages. There is no way a farm can yield returns at that level of labour cost for just one stage of the cropping process. Then there is post-harvest management that involves labour in cleaning, sun drying for a couple of days, filling up in bags and storing it in the warehouse. All of these are done manually. 
  2. Small farm holdings are a…

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