“Don’t forget the resources are Limited, we can have lots of money but can’t ask our children to drink money”Unknown
As mentioned in NITI Aayog report, ground water will end in many places by 2020. ‘These places include 21 Indian cities, among them Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad are most populated. Which will gone to affect 100 million people, comprise of 40 percent of India’s population will have no access to drinking water by 2030.’ After reading too much about groundwater ending by 2020, it is very difficult to watch someone wasting it injudiciously. People are rarely aware, what are they doing? One need to think and be aware about sustainable use of water. Here, sustainability means, use it for yourself by ensuring that it should left enough for our coming generations.
My neighbors wash outer floors, roads with summer pipes, waste 1000 liters of water in just minutes. Our 10% population use RO water filters, which waste 90% of water which could be drinkable. Agriculture mis-practices which are responsible for 90% of ground water waste. We witness 90% of todays river are polluted with industrial waste, sewage discharge, household waste, agriculture waste, religious waste etc.
We need to be aware about some of our dangerous habits: Taking long showers, dishwashing and brushing with running water, having leaky pipes (according to a US report an average household can leak more than 10,000 gallons of water per year), over-watering lawns, cleaning floors and roads with pipes, etc. Water should be declared as an economic asset, and should be linked with water pricing. One should asked with the economic amount equals to water, one use. As the water we using have taken thousands of years to purify.
We are at the verge of water pollution, so increasing RO filters use is also a need. However, we can use it judiciously. The water from waste water pipes can be collected and further used in purposes other than drinking.
We are using centuries old Agriculture practices not fit for todays time. The over-filling water to agriculture lands not only harm the ground water, but also drain out the nutrients, and further pollute the drinking water with its add-on fertilizers. The solution to this Drip irrigation, Sprinkler system, and research and developments is needed in this field. Research shows that sprinkler irrigation can use 30-40 percent less water, while drip can use about 40-60 percent less water compared to flood irrigation methods, he added. As the situation is already alarming.
Case 1: Nearly all waterbodies are polluted: Chennai
Three rivers, four water bodies, five wetlands and six forests have completely dried in Chennai despite having better water resources and rains than any other metro cities. The government is now depends upon the desalination, which is very expensive. The solution to this is water harvesting. It is the collective responsibility of government and the citizen to realize there role in water conservation.
Case 2: Effective irrigation management: Rajasthan’s integrated irrigation solutions
The Government of Rajasthan has implemented a package of solutions in Sanchore along the Narmada river. The micro-irrigation technology has been made mandatory for farmers. And, the watershed development tasks, such as tree plantation and bio drainage also been implemented. The impact was that the Culturable Command Area (CCA) increased from 1.35 Lac hectares to 2.46 hectares with same quantity of water. Drinking facilities improved, food production was increased by 277%.