Fundamental Duties for Indian’s

Yesterday there was a case in front of me, which shook me inside out. People were more focused on the goods they purchase by money over the life of a poor animal. So, before anything I want you all to know about the Fundamental duties our constitution wants us to perform. They have been incorporated under article 51A in The Constitution inside the chapter called Fundamental Duties. The Government is also planning to assign its different Ministries with the task of spreading awareness about Fundamental duties among people.

Can I ask? Do our lives are possible without these animals, or nature. Can you think of spending life without these innocent animals, I have seen some old people worried about the decreasing numbers of sparrows, don’t you think the number of every animal has gone down, and who is not aware of deteriorating nature and increasing associated problems such as increasing pollution, climate change, disturbed rain patter, and what not. Do these animals have their homes to stay in, income to buy food, and brains to think like us, and mouth or language to share what they feel??

If we are with brains, I think are more responsible to take care of there of those, who can’t take care of there owns. We have no right to play with the emotions of animals, they have nervous systems, which could feel pain and happiness.

You don’t know but my dear everything is connected, just think before your actions. Our fundamental duties have also given us one duty which is to have compassion for living creatures. Let’s see the other duties:

The rights and duties of citizens are correlative and inseparable, so one should aware of the duties. Let’s see what duties our constitution has provided us to perform under above described act:

  • To abide by the Indian Constitution and to respect its ideals and institutions such as the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom like satyagraha, liberty, equality, etc.
  • To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.
  • To defend the country and render national service (as army personnel) when called upon.
  • To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
  • To value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture.
  • To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and also to have compassion for living creatures.
  • To develop the scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  • To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  • To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and, collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
  • To provide opportunities for education to his/her child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years (added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002).

The idea of Fundamental Duties is inspired by the Constitution of the erstwhile USSR. The Japanese constitution is the only democratic constitution in the world that contains the duties of citizens. In 1976, the congress party set up the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee to make recommendations about the inclusion of fundamental duties to our constitution. Committee recommended the inclusion of a separate chapter on fundamental duties so that citizens should be conscious in addition to the enjoyment of rights provided under fundamental rights. The central government has accepted these recommendations and enacted the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976 and, incorporated them in Part IV-A of the Constitution.

Some of them are moral duties while others are civil duties, and other are also liberal- intellectuals. They were also part of Indian tradition, mythology, religion, and our daily practice from earliest. It was just codification of tasks integral to the Indian way of living.

However, like the Directive Principles, the duties are also non-justiciable, which means if someone violates these duties no case could be registered against. It doesn’t mean we have all possible ways to harm our nature.

Fundamental duties are also criticized for not incorporating some important fundamental duties in the chapter such as casting votes, paying taxes, family planning, etc. Some duties are vague (not clear) such as different interpretations given in phrases like ‘noble ideals,’ ‘composite culture,’ ‘scientific temper,’ and so on.

Significance of Fundamental duties

They remind citizens that while enjoying their rights, they should also conscious of duties they owe to their country, their society, and their fellow citizens. It is also a warning against anti-national and anti-social activities like burning the national flag and destroying public property. It also promotes a sense of discipline and commitment among them and also creates a feeling that citizens are not mere spectators but equal and active participants in the realization of national goals. They also help courts in examining and determining the constitutional validity of laws, in 1992, the Supreme court ruled that in determining the constitutionality of the law, if the court seeks to give effect to fundamental duties, it may consider it reasonable. One more important thing that these laws could be enforceable by-laws. Hence, Parliament can provide for the imposition of appropriate penalty on failure to fulfill.

It was earlier said that these duties are not justiciable, but parliament has come up with many legal provisions for the implementation of some fundamental duties.

  • Prevention of Insults to National Honor Act (1971) prevents disrespect to the Constitution of India, the National flag, and the National Anthem.
  • The various criminal laws for punishments’ for encouraging enmity between different section of population, language, race, place of birth, religion, etc.
  • The Protection of Civil Rights Act (1955) provides for punishments to national integration as punishable offenses.
  • The Indian Penal Code (IPC) declares the imputations and assertions prejudicial to national integration as punishable offenses.
  • Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act of 1967 provides for declarations of communal organizations as an unlawful association.
  • The representation of the People Act (1951) provides for the disqualification of members of parliament or a state legislature for indulging in corrupt practices such as asking for votes on the ground of religion, caste, race, language, etc.
  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 prohibits trade in rare and endangered species. And the Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980 checks indiscriminate deforestation and diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes.

If are aware of our fundamental rights then why are we not aware of our fundamental duties. It’s our responsibility to fulfill both and work of our better involvement in Counties growth.

(Pictures from google)

Published by Neel Kamal

My name is Neelkamal. Here, I will provide the content effective for everyone who want to learn more and more. And if you want, I am open for your suggestion to write on. I have done M.Sc in Biotechnology and also read about the Political, Social, Environmental issues. So, my blog will surrounds upon topics related to these subjects.

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